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Geological Wonders


Designated as a UNESCO World Biosphere Region because of its unique ecological and cultural significance, the Niagara Escarpment is a spectacular limestone ribbon of wilderness that winds its way for 725 kilometres (450 miles) from Queenston to Tobermory.

Great for hiking, rock-climbing, wildlife viewing and snowshoeing, the escarpment is a magnificent outdoor haven with more than a hundred parks and scores of conservation areas protecting its natural features and incredible variety of plants and wildlife. Rock climbers are drawn to the great climbs at Mount Nemo and Rattlesnake Point in Milton, Old Baldy Conservation Area in Grey Sauble Conservation and Lion's Head on the Bruce Peninsula. Views from the top are spectacular.

Follow the Bruce Trail, Canada's oldest and longest hiking path, as it meanders along the escarpment. You’ll find panoramic views of the deciduous forests in Beaver Valley Conservancy — a summer playground for fishing and cycling and in winter, a magnet for cross-country and downhill skiers.

On the north end the escarpment rises out of the turquoise waters of Georgian Bay to form the spectacular limestone cliffs on the eastern edge of the Bruce Peninsula. The Escarpment is home to an amazing variety of orchids, celebrated during the Bruce Peninsula Orchid Festival every May.

There is also an impressive array of trilliums and violets coupled with Indigenous history at Crawford Lake near Campbellville, one of the prettiest corners of the Escarpment.

Owen Sound's Inglis Falls and Tiffany Falls near Hamilton and both picturesque spots to stop for a picnic.


The Canadian Shield is Canada’s largest rock formation, resulting from ancient volcanic action. The Shield contains Precambrian rock, and the exposed portions bare the marks of glacial activity. Stretching from the Manitoba border in the west to Ottawa and the St. Lawrence River in the east, it covers over half of Ontario. The combination of the dramatic rock formations, fresh water rivers and lakes, vast pine forests and diverse wildlife has hunters, outdoor enthusiasts and nature lovers for generations. The Canadian Shield landscape was the inspiration for many works of the Group of Seven, a collection of beloved Canadian artists.

View of the tunnel like path through the Bonnechere Caves.


Tour this remarkable geological wonder near Eganville, and marvel at the rock formations, the fossils, and a sink hole.
Kids digging for gems at the Rockhound Gemboree.


Bancroft is host to Canada’s largest gem and mineral show each July, come pan for gold, learn about mineral identification from museum geologists, and embark on guided mineral collecting field trips.